Al-Qaeda has emerged in three provinces in the Arabian Peninsula. The group’s activity is a good opportunity for the US. Like before, Washington could establish its military fleet in the Gulf of Aden and the Arabian Sea under the pretext of fighting al-Qaeda militants. Creating an equipped military base in the region will provide better security for the Zionist regime and affect the power of Iran’s military flotilla which have managed to be active in the region in recent years.
On the eve of the third year of Saudi invasion on Yemen, Saudi Arabia’s field developments in Yemen are getting more complex and more dangerous. Saudi warplanes bombard Yemen every day and some terrorist and illegitimate groups are strengthening, so the conflict is institutionalized in the country. Meanwhile, one of the main groups is Al-Qaeda in Yemen, known as “al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula” and known as the most active and most dangerous branch of al-Qaeda militant terrorist groups in the world.
The group began its activities in Saudi Arabia but its root dates back to the Soviet presence in Afghanistan; a group was created with radical ideas under the pretext of fighting the Soviet army in Afghanistan by US policy. In this regard, Afghan and Pakistanis youth as well as some Yemenis were sent to Afghanistan to strengthen the ranks of militias.
After the Soviet withdrawal, the militants have continued to survive and founded Afghan Arabs. So that today many Taliban members, including bin Laden are Yemeni origin. We can conclude that the presence of al-Qaeda in Yemen is the continuation of Washington’s plans in the Middle East. The group has been able to be a proper justification for American and the world public opinion on invasion to the region.
The failure of the Yemeni groups in a national unity government, unilateral policies of Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi and finally the military attack by Saudi coalition made a critical political-security situation in Yemen and provided saber-rattling conditions for al-Qaeda in the country.
Center of al-Qaeda activity is in southern provinces of Hadramout, Abyan and Shabwa. These regions have strategic importance for Saudi Arabia and the USA because they have oil reserves and access to the Arabian Sea.
Within past two years, Ansar Allah, the army and popular committees were active in the regions to deter terrorist activities of al-Qaeda due to their military strength. After Ansar Allah agreed with “southern movement in Yemen” and ceded control of the area to this group, al-Qaeda got the opportunity to emerge. Accordingly, Al-Qaeda could confirm its existence in Abyan province again after 3 years, and could dominate “Zinjibar,” the capital of the province, the city of Jaar in Abyan province.
The group captured strategic areas such as Mukalla, largest city of Hadramaut province, and al Dhaba oil port which is one of Yemen’s main oil reserves mines.
In this regard, recently a Yemeni intelligence officer reported a new US plan on deploying its troops to southern Yemen officially. He also said: “Saudi Arabia is trying to make the region insecure by sending weapons to al-Qaeda in Abyan.”
Hadramout, Shabwa, and Abyan provinces attracted the attention of Riyadh and Washington’s authorities in the two countries’ regional strategy due to having a very long coastal strip of the Arabian Sea.
Saudis are always concern that Iran would close the Strait of Hormuz and Tehran’s power in this regard. As the result, they are trying to launch an oil pipeline through the territory of Yemen so Riyadh could access Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean to achieve Asian energy markets.
According to the project, oil pipelines pass through Hadramaut Governate and will be connected to Gulf of Aden. If Saudi Arabia gains the control of the province or it be under the influence of Saudis forces, Riyadh can carry out an important part of its project. Therefore it is not unreasonable that Al-Qaeda has been able to get more power in Hadhramaut in recent months.
Thus, Arab and Western media do not cover Al Qaeda’s activities in Yemen and the impact of war and political instability on its growing influence.
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